Concept of Input Service Distributor (ISD) under GST: FAQs by CBEC

CBEC’s FAQs on Concept of Input Service Distributor (ISD) under GST

The FAQs related to “Concept of Input Service Distributor (ISD) under GST” as per compilation made by the CBEC to acquaint the Taxpayers and the Stakeholders with various GST Laws, like CGST, IGST, UTGST, SGST, etc., are as under:

Q 1. What is Input Service Distributor (ISD)?

Ans. ISD means an office of the supplier of goods or services or both which receives tax invoices towards receipt of input services and issues a prescribed document for the purposes of distributing the credit of central tax (CGST), State tax (SGST)/ Union territory tax (UTGST) or integrated tax (IGST) paid on the said services to a supplier of taxable goods or services or both having same PAN as that of the ISD.

Q 2. What are the requirements for registration as ISD?

Ans. An ISD is required to obtain a separate registration even though it may be separately registered. The threshold limit of registration is not applicable to ISD. The registration of ISD under the existing regime (i.e. under Service Tax) would not be migrated in GST regime. All the existing ISDs will be required to obtain fresh registration under new regime in case they want to operate as an ISD.

Q 3. What are the documents for distribution of credit by ISD?

Ans. The distribution of credit would be done through a document especially designed for this purpose. The said document would contain the amount of input tax credit being distributed.

Q 4. Can an ISD distribute the input tax credit to all suppliers?

Ans. No. The input tax credit of input services shall be distributed only amongst those registered persons who have used the input services in the course or furtherance of business.

Q 5. It is not possible many a times to establish a one-to-one link between quantum of input services used in the course or furtherance of business by a supplier. In such situations, how distribution of ITC by the ISD is to be done?

Ans. In such situations, distribution would be based on a formula. Firstly, distribution would be done only amongst those recipients of input tax credit to whom the input service being distributed are attributable. Secondly, distribution would be done amongst the operational units only. Thirdly, distribution would be done in the ratio of turnover in a State or Union territory of the recipient during the period to the aggregate of all recipients to whom input service being distributed is attributable. Lastly, the credit distributed should not exceed the credit available for distribution.

Q 6. What does the turnover used for ISD cover?

Ans. The turnover for the purpose of ISD does not include any duty or tax levied under entry 84 of List I and entry 51 and 54 of List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution.

Q 7. Is the ISD required to file return?

Ans. Yes, ISD is required to file monthly return by 13th of the following month.

Q 8. Can a company have multiple ISD?

Ans. Yes, different offices like marketing division, security division etc. may apply for separate ISD.

Q 9. What are the provisions for recovery of excess/wrongly distributed credit by ISD?

Ans. The excess/wrongly distributed credit can be recovered from the recipients of credit along with interest by initiating action under section 73 or section 74.

Q 10. Whether CGST and IGST credit can be distributed by ISD as IGST credit to recipients located in different States?

Ans. Yes, CGST credit can be distributed as IGST and IGST credit can be distributed as CGST by an ISD for the recipients located in different States.

Q 11. Whether SGST / UTGST credit can be distributed as IGST credit by an ISD to recipients located in different States?

Ans. Yes, an ISD can distribute SGST /UTGST credit as IGST for the recipients located in different States.

Q 12. Whether the ISD can distribute the CGST and IGST Credit as CGST credit?

Ans. Yes, CGST and IGST credit can be distributed as CGST credit by an ISD for the recipients located in same State.

Q 13. Whether the SGST/ UTGST a nd IGST C red it can be distributed as SGST/UTGST credit?

Ans. Yes, ISD can distribute SGST and IGST credit as SGST / UTGST credit for the recipients located in same State.

Q 14. How to distribute common credit among all the recipients of an ISD?

Ans. The common credit used by all the recipients can be distributed by ISD on pro rata basis i.e. based on the turnover of each recipient to the aggregate turnover of all the recipients to which credit is distributed.

Q 15. The ISD may distribute the CGST and IGST credit to recipient outside the State as..?

(a) IGST; (b) CGST; (c) SGST

Ans. (a) IGST.

Q 16. The ISD may distribute the CGST credit within the State as____

(a) IGST; (b) CGST; (c) SGST; (d) Any of the above.

Ans. (b) CGST.

Q 17. The credit of tax paid on input service used by more than one supplier is…?

(a) Distributed among the suppliers who used such input service on pro rata basis of turnover in such State.

(b) Distributed equally among all the suppliers.

(c) Distributed only to one supplier.

(d) Cannot be distributed.

Ans. (a) Distributed among the suppliers who used such input service on pro rata basis of turnover in such State.

Q 18. Whether the excess credit distributed could be recovered from ISD by the department?

Ans. No. Excess credit distributed can be recovered along with interest only from the recipient and not ISD. The provisions of section 73 or section 74 would be applicable for the recovery of credit.

Q 19. What are the consequences of credit distributed in contravention of the provisions of the Act?

Ans. The credit distributed in contravention of provisions of Act could be recovered from the recipient to which it is distributed along with interest.

Updated FAQs on GST (Topic-wise)

SubjectSubject
Overview of GSTAssessment and Audit
Levy of and ExemptionRefunds
RegistrationDemands and Recovery
Meaning and Scope of SupplyAppeals, Review and Revision
Time of SupplyAdvance Ruling
ValuationSettlement Commission (Omitted)
Payment of TaxInspection, Search, Seizure, Arrest
E-CommerceOffences, Penalties, Prosecution
Job WorkOverview of IGST Act
Input Tax CreditPlace of Supply of Goods/ Service
Input Service DistributorFrontend Process at ST Portal
Returns Process and Input matchingTransitional Provisions

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